Monday, December 30, 2019
GENDER DISCRIMINATION: THE MAIN REASON THAT WOMEN ARE PAID LESS THAN MEN SURVEY OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Introduction More than 2,000 years ago the Greek philosopher Plato wroteÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬Å"Nothing can be more absurd than the practice that prevails in our country of men and women not following the same pursuits with all their strengths and with one mind, for thus, the state instead of being whole is reduced to half.Ã¢â¬ (Plato, The Laws) There is a nationwide debate as to whether or not women are paid less than men as a result of gender discrimination in the workforce. It is our position that gender discrimination is in fact the main reason women are paid less than men, and we will defend our position with appropriate statistics andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Therefore it is maybe not the fine which Wal-Mart is currently worrying about, but particularly the damage to its image that will affect the organization throughout the coming years. The equal pay dilemma has been an issue in this country dating back as early as the 1880Ã¢â¬â¢s. During World War I and World War II the concept of equal pay became a matter of policy with limited practice. Many women were called upon to replace male factory workers who had been sent to the war which became a catalyst for the subject. A national debate arose as to whether or not the policies of equal pay should continue to be practiced during peacetime. The main advocate of these equal pay policies in the U.S. was the WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Bureau of the Department of Labor. However these policies soon died as the war ended and the major male workforce came back from overseas. The topic of equal pay has been thoroughly investigated and well documented throughout the years and all the information leads to the same conclusion that equal pay does not exist. Years of protest for womenÃ¢â¬â¢s equal rights prompted the slogan Ã¢â¬Å"equal pay for equal workÃ¢â¬ which became very appealing t hroughout the nation. This slogan, which cried out for equality, helped gain support from labor parties, unions, womanÃ¢â¬â¢s organizations, and government ministries. However, defining these terms such as equal pay and equal work is a difficult task in itself. The problem with equal pay lays in the fact that a very smallShow MoreRelatedEurope s Gender Pay Gap And The Factors Affecting The Gap1346 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s gender pay gap and the factors affecting the gap Europe has a significantly wide gender wage gap. In the broader sense, women are paid an average of 16% less per hour than men in European countries. As a result of this wage gap, women earn much less than men over their lifetimes. This causes for lower pensions as well as a risk for poverty once a woman reaches old age. In 2012 alone, 21.7% of women aged 65 and over were at a high risk for poverty due to their pay. This is significantlyRead MoreThe Civil Rights Act Of 1964 Essay1366 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDraft (Paper 1) Throughout history discrimination has always been present anything that makes an individual different from another individual. Discirimination happens all the time which is tragic.During the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s EEOC was created following the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was a civil rights legislation. The Civil Rights Act outlawed discrimination and enforced that everyone was getting paid the same amount. Although , discrimination was still there but the law did helpRead MoreWomen Have Always Seen A Gap In Pay, But Recently The Dispute1639 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWomen have always seen a gap in pay, but recently the dispute about the gender wage gap has aroused and angered many in the U.S. Many Americans have labeled businesses as sexist due to the gap in pay among men and women. As many people know, men and women have many differences such as caring for children, different interests when it comes to the workforce, and many others. Naturally men and women have man y differences that cause a bit of a gap when it comes to pay. While gender is most definitelyRead MoreDoes The Gender Pay Gap Actually Exist?1221 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Does the Gender Pay Gap Actually Exist? Lecture Outline: The concept of a pay gap between female and male workers has been around for decades, this is because countless studies seek to justify why women earn less than men, and in many disciplines women are more easily subjected to discrimination in comparison to their male counterparts. This unit exposes many underlining factors that ultimately determine whether the gender pay gap truly exists in the contemporary Western hemisphereRead MoreDiversity Is The Equal Pay Act Of 1963 Essay1644 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDiversity in Human resources LetÃ¢â¬â¢s Completely Stop Discrimination against women in the Workplace now that we have become more educated on how to promote gender equality Writing in 1991 the historian Joan Hoff observed that Ã¢â¬Å"the legal status of women in the United States changed more rapidly in the last twenty-five years than in the previous two hundred.Ã¢â¬ These legal changes were among several sources for womenÃ¢â¬â¢s advancement in business after 1963. Some legal change came from government actionsRead MoreGender Wage Gap Still Exist . What Is The Gender Wage Gap1507 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesGender wage gap still exist What is the gender wage gap you may ask? It is the difference between men and women s wage in a working society.Wage equality have been around since the 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s when women were able to work while the men were at war.But many believe that it does not exist still in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society.Even in the 21st century discrimination and sexism is causing big problem for young women and it is providing inequality for women.Discrimination is very prevalent in today s society whetherRead MoreGender Issues For Women s Mothers At Work1510 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesGender related issues for women inparticula mothers at work. Gender inequality Inequalities have been prevalent since the beginning of civilization. Up until the womenÃ¢â¬â¢s movement, did we see a shift in feminism whereby women would gain certain rights. Within this movement, the role of the women fell short to discrimination and gender inequalities. The argument stands forth and is true that there are gender inequalities prevailing in all aspects of society. Thus, the concept of gender is notRead MoreThe Gender Pay Gap1639 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Gender Pay Gap PROBLEM Introduction The pay gap between men and women has fallen quite dramatically over the past 30 years though a sizeable gap still remains, but this headline figure masks some less positive developments in recent years. We are used to each generation of women making progress relative to the one before, but this process has slowed slightly with the better than the previous one(Centre Piece Summer 2006). The gender pay gap measures the earning differences betweenRead MoreAchieving Gender Pay Equity By Marcia D. Leacock1656 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAlthough jobs require both women and men to perform the same work, expend the effort, responsibility and skill, they are not paid equally. Employers are continually paying lower wages to women compared to men, which is due to a wide range of societal factors. In order for men and women to be paid equally, tougher laws are needed. Through analyzing the debate over Ã¢â¬Å"Achieving Gender Pay EquityÃ¢â¬ , it has proven that harsher laws are required for equal pay to be a reality. Marcia D. Greenberger presentsRead MoreUnequal Opportunity For Women s Workplace1334 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesUnequal Opportunity For Women in Workplace According to Merriam Dictionary Unequal means, giving more advantages, power etc to some people and less to other people for unfair reasons. (Unequal, 2015) According to Covert, Bryce (2013), nearly 30% of the women population are facing discrimination and have reported against it. This data came out via the help of new poll data from the Center for American Progress and Elle Magazine. No matter where the women is, what her position is, she is most likely
Saturday, December 21, 2019
The Russian Revolution was a series of two revolutions that consisted of the February Revolution and the October Revolution. The February Revolution of March 8th, 1917 was a revolution targeted and successfully removed Czar Nicholas II from power. The February Revolution first began to take place when strikes and public protests between 1916 and early 1917 started occurring. These strikes were created to protest against and to blame Czar Nicholas II for RussiaÃ¢â¬â¢s poor performance in WWI and severe food shortages that the country facing. Soon, violence between protesters and authorities began to escalate, and on February 24th, 1917 in the city of Petrograd, hundreds of thousands of male and female workers flooded the streets. They all had the same purpose which was to protest against the Ã¢â¬Å"Great WarÃ¢â¬ and the monarchy. The protests began to escalate and the vastly outnumbered police were unable to control the crowds. When news of the unrest reached the czar, he ordered the military to put an end to the riots by the next day, and on February 26th, 1917, several troops of a local guard regiment fired upon the crowds, but however many soldiers felt pity and empathy for the protesters than the czar, and on the next day, more than 80,000 soldiers join the protest even directly fighting the police. During this period of unrest, two political parties, the Duma and the Petrograd Soviet started noticing how quickly the riots were escalating, and began to discuss actively on how theShow MoreRelatedThe Russian Revolution And The Revolution1844 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesIn 1917 a great revolution would collapse RussiaÃ¢â¬â¢s monarchy and extend the color of red throughout the world. During this time, Leon Trotsky and Vladimir Lenin were instrumental in causing the grand collapse of the Russian government and the reformation into a communist state. The Russian revolution changed the world when it happened and I believe it changed the people of Europe after it occurred. The Russian Revolution actually has two important parts to it the February Revolution (March 1917) andRead MoreThe Russian Revolution And The Soviet Revolution1295 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageslives and liberty. This incorporation of force caused repression and unrest amongst the people and the Russian Revolution was essentially an outburst from this. (Columbia Encyclopedia, n.d). The Russian Revolution consisted of two separate strikes in 1917, the first of which overthrew the imperial government and the second strike which placed the Bolshevik party in power. The Russian Revolution evidently brought a drastic transformation to the government, society and economy of Russia. The communistRead MoreThe Russian Revolution And The Soviet Revolution Essay1196 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSoviets: The Russian People and Their Revolution, 1917-21. London: UCL Press, 1996. Read, Christopher. From Tsar to Soviets: The Russian People and Their Revolution, 1917-21. London: UCL Press, 1996. pp. 6, 63. Christopher Read, the author of the book From Tsar to Soviets: The Russian People and Their Revolution, 1917-21, is a professor at the University of Warwick in Europe. Read teaches twentieth-century European history. He specializes in the social history of the Russian Revolution and the intellectualRead MoreRussian Revolution And The Soviet Revolution1238 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageslives and liberty. This incorporation of force caused repression and unrest amongst the people and the Russian Revolution was essentially an outburst from this. (Columbia Encyclopedia, n.d). The Russian Revolution consisted of two separate strikes in 1917, the first of which overthrew the imperial government and the second strike which placed the Bolshevik party in power. The Russian Revolution evidently brought a drastic transformation to the government, society and economy of Russia. The communistRead MoreThe Russian Revolution and the Orange Revolution738 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesOne example of a violent overth row of government is the Russian Revolution of 1917. The Russian people were dissatisfied with the authoritarian rule of the Tsar and years of the majority living in poverty, with few resources. These problems were multiplied with RussiaÃ¢â¬â¢s participation in World War I which strained resources further and removed skilled works from factories to fight. These workers were replaced them with peasant farmers, leaving fewer rural laborers. Peasant farmers had long felt thatRead MoreThe Russian Revolution And The Soviet Revolution1749 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn 1917, two revolutions completely changed the constitution of Russia. The Russian Monarchy was removed from power, placing Lenin and the Bolshevik party as the head of the newly formed Soviet Russia, resulting in the formation of the world s first communist country. Traditional culture of the Imperial Russia was cast aside and a new Soviet culture began to take shape. The rise of the Bolsheviks ensued major reforms which predo minantly focused on wide spread cultivation and spreading of Marxist-LeninistRead MoreThe Russian Revolution And The Soviet Revolution1298 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMoreover, the Russian Revolution was the outcome of the communist party wanting to have complete control over the citizens in Russia. They displayed this idea with their thoughts about removing the practice of religion. They saw religion as an Ã¢â¬Å"opium,Ã¢â¬ for they believed it caused the people to be inactive Ã¢â¬âmainly the working class (Brose, 167). For they saw religion as a malicious idea, which caused them to see churches as a danger to the bourgeoisie because they believed that the proletarians wereRead MoreThe Russian Bolshevik Revolution And The Soviet Revolution1578 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRevolution provides some of the most dynamic and complex parts of history. New countries and governing systems arise from revolution, and these changes not only affect said countries, but also the rest of the world. In t he case of the Russian Bolshevik Revolution, the political changes that occurred sent the rest of the world into panic, as they sensed a dangerous threat to their political and social systems. With social and political issues tracing back to 1891, the conditions of Russia in 1917Read MoreThe Russian Revolution Of 19171109 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessole cause of the Russian Revolution of 1917. Even before the outbreak of war, the Russian population were largely dissatisfied with the government under the Tsarist regime. Though the Great War played a role in sparking the Russian Revolution, with much of the unstable faith in the Tsar collapsing in Military Russia, it would be naÃ ¯ve to discredit the mounting economic and social pressures that contributed to the fall of the Tsarist Regime, and the beginning of the Revolution. Leading up to theRead MoreCauses of Russian Revolution1196 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRussia came to be because of a variety of different reasons. The revolution came about through a long phase of repression, unrest, and poverty for the average working-class Russian of the 20th Century. A long line of tyrannical Tsars had ruled the country self-interestedly for many centuries, and over 95% of the country lived under severe economic and social conditions. Like a bridge that has too much weight pressing down on it, the Russians were starting to break from the heavy burden of oppression and
Friday, December 13, 2019
Science Teaching: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow Science instruction can take on many forms. From the lecture hall, to the laboratory there are a variety of ways science can be taught. This essay explores the historical events and changes that have effected science education and made it what it is today and where it may be heading in the future. We will write a custom essay sample on Science Teaching: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow or any similar topic only for you Order Now (Martin, 2009) Science education was created to share scientific data and events with students who are not part of the scientific community but benefit from scientific understanding. It is a way to make students scientifically literate about general concepts that pertain to scientific discovery. Elementary science education usually includes the subject areas of physical, life, earth, and space sciences. (Martin, 2009) The early days of science education began in the United Kingdom near the end of the 19th Century. Decades later the push for science education reached the United States. In the US science was taught in a somewhat disorganized manner until it was standardized in 1890. Following standardization, science curriculum slowly evolved without a great deal of mainstream excitement and focus until the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s with the dawn of the space age. After the Soviet UnionÃ¢â¬â¢s Sputnik program successfully launched several objects into space the United States became painfully aware that they were behind in science technology. From this point on in true American fashion the desire to compete on the world stage became the driving force for scientific discovery, specifically a race into space. This awareness that the United States had some catching up to do in order to rival the advances of other countries inspired support for higher quality science programs in classrooms across America in hopes that a crop of science- minded students would emerge. Martin, 2009) With the new focus on science education came billions of dollars to fund it. Educators were given the materials to teach ever-changing scientific concepts as well as the tools to provide a hands-on experience to students in the form of laboratories and field studies. Because discovery was changing at a rapid pace, science curriculum during this time was based on concrete scientific theory rather than the latest discoveries. The main goal was for students to gain a general understanding of science and to inspire students to become inquisitive and scientifically minded. Martin, 2009) Science teachers of the past and present share a common responsibility. They must convey a positive attitude about the subject of science to their students. Science teachers must present materials in and interesting, factual and creative way. They must engage their students in hands-on experiences. Teachers must give students the sense that they are able to gain an understanding of the world of science and build upon it to add to their knowledge. Teachers must make scientific understanding obtainable for students, sparking future inquisition and research. Martin, 2009) The ability for students to understand general sciences and beyond is a necessity. In the modern world, students will be required to use scientific information as they make choices on a daily basis. Also, students who are scientifically literate benefit from their ability to discuss, in an informed manner, many of the scientifically based issues the world community faces. Additionally, students will use scientific literacy in an ever-demanding workplace environment where they will be required to think creatively, solve problems, reason, and make decisions. National Academies Press, 1996) The science curriculum of today is moving in the direction of making students of the Unites States competitive on a worldwide stage. With technology changing at an extremely rapid pace it is essential that American science education prepare students to stay on pace with advances as well as forge new paths in the science of technology. Also, the sciences that focus on the natural Earth have taken center stage as the world addresses issues like global warming, and the availability of natural resources. In an article that promotes the new National Science Education Standards it is proposed that new American standards Ã¢â¬Å"will require major changes in much of this countryÃ¢â¬â¢s science education. The Standards rest on the premise that science is an active process. Learning science is something that students do, not something that is done to them. Ã¢â¬ Hands-onÃ¢â¬ activities, while essential, are not enough. Students must have Ã¢â¬Å"minds-onÃ¢â¬ experiences as well. Ã¢â¬ (National Academies Press, 1996) TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s science curriculum should continue on their current path and focus on technological science and physical science. Although the space sciences are still fascinating, given the current needs for the United States to lead the world community in other areas it important that the most relevant sciences receive the most focus. References Martin, D. J. (2009). Elementary science methods: A constructivist approach (5th ed. ). Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth. National Academies Press. (1996). National science education standards: An overview. http://www. nap. edu/openbook. php? record_id=4962page=1 How to cite Science Teaching: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow, Papers
Thursday, December 5, 2019
Economics Supply And Demand Essay Economics, supply and demand In the article we find that teenagers have the oppertunity to be demanding about their salary in the baby sitting field, because the amount of babysitters today are scarce. The babysitting population, teenagers, find themselves busy with school, part time jobs, and extracirricular activity. Teenagers with drivers licenses are even more scarce than those with out, all in all, Its hard to find a babysitter. Times have changed, just twenty years ago there were 33 million children who needed to be watched, and 39 million babysitters(age 10 19), recent polls suggest that children that need to be watched raised 18 percent to 39 million while baby sitters dropped 5 percent to 37 million. The rise in children coupled with American families spending more time out then years ago, has allowed the babysitters to set their price with out haggeling. Baby sitters are making well over the federal minimum wage of $5.15 an hour because they are in demand, and scarce; the babysitters who train in CPR, serve dinner, and drive are the hardest to come by and can demand the highest wages. In this article we see many examples of supply and damand and the powers of supply and demand. Babysitters are in demand, there is an increase in the amount of children who need to be watched yet there are relativly few who choose to babysit from the allready decreased amount of the babysitter work force. This gives the babysitter the advantage of a noncompetitive work force, allowing the baby sitter to set the price with out bargaining. If we were to compare two different production possibility frontiers, we would see a left shift of the curve while demand for baby sitters rises, from 1980 to 1996. In economics we concider this an inflation, the amount of resources(babysitters) decreased while the demand for them rose. This is what we would concider the begining of an econic problem because the resources are scarce. This resulted in an increase of price for that service. We also see that the most experienced, oldest, responcible, and best trained babysitters set the highest prices by up to 60% from a novice sallery of $4 to a expert sallery of $10 and consumers are willing to pay. A consumer is willing to pay that extra $6 an hour for the piece of mind they get when they go out and know that their children are being attending to in the best possible way, much like a consumer is willing to by name brand products for a higher price because they just feel like its better. In the next two or three years the work force of the babysitters will grow, and so will the number of people under the age of 10, this will show a steady PPC with no signs of relief for the consumer. This article shows the power of supply and demand. 20 years ago when children under the age of 10 and baby sitters age 10-19 were both fewer, we saw more competition between the baby sitters resulting in price decreases. Today with fewer baby sitters, all with busy scheduals, and more young children we see the damand increase resulting in an increase of price. Economics Essays .